Types of Heart Disease | Causes of Heart Disease

The heart is an important part of the human body. Everything in human life depends on the performance of the heart. At present many people are suffering from heart problems. Different types of heart disease occur in human body.

Types of heart disease

Atherosclerosis, Thrombosis, Angina pectoris, Myocardial infarction, etc.

1. What is Atherosclerosis?

Fat accumulation in the blood vessel lining reduces the diameter of the blood vessel cavity and makes the lining of the blood vessel uneven, called atherosclerosis.

2. What is Thrombosis?

Atherosclerosis causes the nuclei to break when they come in contact with the uneven surface of the blood vessels. As a result, blood clots form in the blood vessels. This is called thrombosis.

3. What is Angina Pectoris?

Angina pectoris is the pain that is felt in the heart when the blood flow and oxygen supply to the heart is low.

4. What is Myocardial Infarction?

Myocardial infarction is a condition in which the heart is depleted of oxygen and nutrients.


Causes of heart disease:

People can get heart attack for various reasons. –

1. Hereditary causes are more likely to be due to hereditary factors than if a person’s ancestor had heart disease.

2. High levels of animal proteins, fats, cholesterol and simple sugars in the diet increase the levels of triglycerides, LDL cholesterol in the blood and lower the levels of HDL cholesterol. This increases the chances of heart disease.

3. Excessive stress, overwork increases the risk of heart disease.

4. If a person is obese or has diabetes mellitus or high blood pressure, his or her risk of heart disease increases.

5. Even if a person smokes excessively, he can often get heart attack.

WHO’s guidelines to prevent heart disease:

1. The amount of calories in the diet should be such that, in terms of height, body weight does not increase.

2. About 15-33 % of daily calories come from fats.

3. More than 10 % of the required calories should not come from saturated fats and more than 4 percent should not come from unsaturated fats.

4. The ratio of saturated and unsaturated fats should be equal.

5. Cholesterol levels taken daily should not exceed 300 mg.

6. About 10 -15 % of the calories in the daily diet should come from protein.

7. About 55% of daily calories are from sugary foods.

8. Sugar seems to come from 10 % of the calories in the diet.

9. The amount of salt taken daily should be 5-6 grams.

10. The amount of dietary fiber consumed should be at least 40 grams.


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